Modification of Surfaces by Chemical Transfer Printing Using Chemically Patterned Stamps


Christian Wendeln , Oliver Roling , Christian Schulz , Carsten Hentschel , and Bart Jan Ravoo



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The preparation of well-defined molecular monolayers and their patterning on the microscale and nanoscale are key aspects of surface science and chemical nanotechnology. In this article, we describe the modification of amine-functionalized surfaces using a new type of contact printing based on chemically patterned, flat PDMS stamps. The stamps have discrete areas with surface-bond tetrafluorophenol (TFP) groups, which allow the attachment of carboxylic acids in the presence of coupling agents such as diisopropylcarbodiimide (DIC). The generated active esters can be reacted by placing the stamps in contact with amine-functionalized surfaces. The process leads to the transfer of acyl residues from the stamp to the substrate and therefore to a covalent attachment. Patterning occurs because of the fact that reaction and transfer take place only in areas with TFP groups present on the stamp surface. Different types of amine-decorated surfaces were successfully modified, and the transfer was visualized by fluorescence microscopy. To the best of our knowledge, the covalent transfer printing (CTP) of an immobilized molecular monolayer from one surface to another surface is unprecedented.

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Date added: 2013-03-12 13:39:30 | Last time updated: 2013-03-12 12:39:30 | Viewed: 996 times

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