Micropatterning of human embryonic stem cells dissects the mesoderm and endoderm lineages

Author

Lawrence Haoran Lee, Raheem Peerani, Mark Ungrin, Chirag Joshi, Eugenia Kumacheva, PeterW. Zandstra

Journal

Stem Cell Research

Publication Date

03/01/2009

Abstract

Human pluripotent cells such as human embryonic stem cells (hESC) are a great potential source of cells for cell-based therapies; however, directing their differentiation into the desired cell types with high purity remains a challenge. The stem cell microenvironment plays a vital role in directing hESC fate and we have previously shown that manipulation of colony size in a serum- and cytokine-free environment controls self-renewal and differentiation toward the extraembryonic endoderm lineage. Here we show that, in the presence of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and activin A, control of colony size using a microcontact printing technology is able to direct hESC fate to either the mesoderm or the endoderm lineage. Large, 1200-μm-diameter colonies give rise to mesoderm, while small 200-μm colonies give rise to definitive endoderm. This study links, for the first time, cellular organization to pluripotent cell differentiation along the mesoderm and endoderm lineages.

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Date added: 2012-09-04 18:19:49 | Last time updated: 2012-09-04 16:19:49 | Viewed: 943 times

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